Telopea speciosissima, commonly called Waratah in Australia, is a large shrub in the family Proteaceae. It is endemic to New South Wales and is the state’s floral emblem.
There is no recognized subspecies, closely related Telopea aspera having recently been recognized as a separate species. It is a shrub of 3 or 4 m in height and 2 m in diameter, with dark green leaves and possessing several stems starting from a woody foot known as a lignotuber. It is very famous for its large red inflorescences (heads) appearing in spring, each of which is made up of hundreds of individual flowers. It attracts the pygmy sugar glider (Cercartetus nanus), birds such as Meliphagidae and insects.